The Achilles tendon is a tough band of tissue that connects the calf muscle to the back of the heel bone. It aids in moving the foot when the calf muscles contract, especially during the push off phase of gait. With sudden increases in activity, the tendon can get inflamed and cause pain and swelling. A bursa, which is a fluid filled sac, lies between the lower portion of the Achilles tendon and heel bone. It can also become swollen along with the tendon. Achilles tendinosis is another common condition, which refers to degeneration of the tendon over time, usually as a result of aging or chronic overuse. In severe cases, the Achilles tendon can be partially torn or completely ruptured, which will require immobilization or surgery to repair the tendon.
- Stiffness/ soreness in the back of heel
- Swelling and pain in the Achilles tendon that increases with activity
- Sudden increases in activity, such as in running or sports
- Aging weakens and makes the tendon less flexible, making it more prone to strain and tearing
- Excessive pronation
PHYSICAL THERAPY FOR ACHILLES TENDINITIS
Achilles tendinitis affects many athletes and non athletes alike. All Sports Physical Therapists are top experts in treating Achilles tendinitis, returning their patients to pain-free movement. At All Sports Physical Therapy, our best in class staff enjoy making your visits as pleasant and upbeat as possible. You’ll always find warm and knowledgeable therapists on hand to help you through your stretches and exercises after your one on one manual therapy treatment. Our convenient locations at Upper East Side, Midtown-Grand Central or Midtown-West make it easy to keep up your physical therapy routine. Most of our patients are referred to us by loved ones who were extremely happy with the advanced equipment, expert care, and friendly environment at All Sports Physical Therapy.
Your All Sports physical therapist will use modalities, such as ice and ultrasound, to decrease swelling and inflammation of your heel. In the first few sessions, therapy will focus on range of motion and mobility exercises of your ankle to prevent joint stiffness. Stretches for your calf and other posterior muscle groups of the leg will also be added as another important part of your physical therapy routine.
When the swelling and inflammation subside, your top physical therapist will start you on a gradual strengthening routine for your calf muscles. Eccentric contractions of your calf muscle, or when the muscle lengthens under load, will be emphasized. Because this increases flexibility and strength of the muscle-tendon unit, the Achilles tendon will be able to tolerate greater tension with high impact activities, therefore reducing the risk of re-injury.